Different Types of Breakdance Moves for Beginners, Youtube Tutorial Videos

Different Types of Breakdance Moves for Beginners

Want to learn breakdance moves? This guide is perfect for beginners looking to master the basics and start impressing with their dance skills!

Breakdancing entails complex and risky movements that require considerable effort to learn and execute.

This is precisely why many individuals find it appealing – the challenge of mastering these moves.

Nonetheless, for beginners, there are a multitude of breakdance moves that are relatively easy to perform and pose no safety concerns. As you progress, you can attempt more advanced moves.

Basic Different Types of Breakdance Moves for Beginners

If you’re a beginner looking to learn breakdance moves, mastering the Basic Different Types of Breakdance Moves is crucial before moving on to more advanced ones.

While basic moves may not be as flashy, they can still be transformed into an exciting routine with the proper choreography.

1. Top Rock

Many people consider Top Rock to be the ultimate introduction to breaking. Instructors often use these beginner breakdance moves to welcome new participants to the sport.

Top Rock has several other names, including “rock,” “tops,” and “rocking on top.” Regardless of what you call it, the meaning of these moves is clear: dancing while standing up.

Top Rock is frequently used to indicate the dancer’s style at the start of a performance. Because of this, many professional dancers put considerable effort into perfecting their Top Rock, which is regarded as a source of pride.

Additionally, Top Rock is employed as a warm-up transition to more advanced moves, such as Downrock.

There are numerous Top Rock techniques that you can use to embellish your routine. Here are a few foundational and straightforward ones.

Indian Step

The Indian Step is a popular rock pattern created by famous Pow Wow and Sundance breakers.

Originally named “Cross Overs,” it later became known as “Indian Step” and other names like “Outlaw Step” and “Front Step.”

The move is relatively easy, requiring you to cross your legs in front of each other. Beginners can usually master the pattern within a few days.

Hip Twist

The Hip Twist is a variation of the Indian step that involves an additional hip-twisting motion.

It involves crossing one leg on top of the other, just like the standard Indian Step, but with an added twist. This technique is called the “crossover Indian step” and the “original Indian step.”

Side Step

The Side Step is a famous top rock pattern in breakdancing. It involves a kicking motion combined with a one-sided step.

Some believe the move was inspired by salsa dancing, sometimes called “Salsa Rock” or “Latin Rock.”

Bronx Step

To perform the Bronx Step, take a diagonal step forward with one foot and then slide the other diagonally backward.

This will give the impression that you are jazzily marching in place. Like many other dance steps, the Bronx Step has been referred to by various names, such as the “March Step” or the “Sailor Step.”

Kick Step

To perform a Kick Step, kick one leg forward and quickly step back as soon as your foot touches the ground.

Repeat this with your other foot, and you will complete one cycle of the pattern. This dance move has a rich history dating back to 1984 with its creation by Lil Boy Keith.

2. Footwork

Breakdancing footwork is an iconic aspect of the dance form, often considered its heart.

When envisioning a breaking routine, one imagines dancers executing intricate movements on the floor with support from their hands and magic from their legs.

Although performing footwork may seem daunting to novices, many basic moves can be mastered with only a few days of practice.

Helicopter (FW)

One of the signature moves in breakdancing is the Helicopter, which involves squatting and sweeping one leg in a full circle.

A small jump is typically added while sweeping the leg. This move gained popularity during the 1960s and early 1970s, with various sources claiming it was inspired by kung-fu and martial arts movies.

The Helicopter is also referred to as the “Front Sweep,” “Coffee Grinder,” and “One Step.”

2 Step

To identify a 2 Step, count the movements in the sequence. It typically involves a half-turn sweep as the first step and then a return sweep to a squatting position as the second step.

This technique was invented by Lil Julio in the 1970s and evolved from the primary Helicopter.

Therefore, we advise mastering the Helicopter before attempting the 2 Step. Additionally, the 2 Step is sometimes called the “Baby Swipe.”

3 Step

When performing a Three Step, an additional sweep is added to the regular Two Step, resulting in a slower and more controlled movement.

This dance move was introduced in the 1970s, similar to the Two Step, and is credited to Batch.

6 Step

The 6 Step is a series of small sweeps that revolve around a single supporting arm.

During the sequence, you will use both arms and switch the supporting arm after every half-circle. This dance move was credited to Shorty Rock in the 1970s.

12 Step (Scramble)

The 12 Step, also known as the “Scramble,” is a dance move where one circles around, stepping over and under each leg.

The hips also twist back and forth during the process. This move is inspired by salsa and is sometimes called “Floor Salsa.”

Lego Leg

The Lego Leg move involves sweeping one leg inward and hooking it around the back of the other leg’s knee. One arm is kept behind the breaker’s back to support the movement.

This technique was developed by a breaker known as Lego in 1994 and is an evolution of the Blender Move, which was already famous at the time.


To perform the Blender, execute a sequence of inside sweeps using your legs while shifting your body weight between your arms.

If you have a background in gymnastics, you may recognize this move as similar to the “Scissor” move.

The Blender gained popularity in the mid-1980s following a performance by the London All Stars where one member demonstrated the move on stage.

Knee Rock

One way to spin your upper body is by doing the knee rock, where you touch one or both knees to the ground while alternating your supporting arm as you turn.

This move gained popularity in the 1970s when Wizard Wiz added it to his routine and the community adopted it.


To perform the basic Shuffle, both arms are placed on the ground while the legs quickly switch places at the back.

This move has been around since the 70s and has been modified by various B-Boys and B-Girls, resulting in many variations.


The Sweep move in breaking involves one leg making a horizontal sweep in a wide circle, and it is a relatively simple principle.

This move first appeared in the breaking community during the mid-70s, and some sources suggest that it became popular around the same time as the Helicopter move.

It is believed that the Sweep, like the Helicopter, was inspired by old kung-fu movies.

3. Power Moves

Breakdancing has a category of moves called Power Moves that require a lot of strength and skill.

These Moves are awe-inspiring and showcase the strength of the dancer. However, they are not easy to perform and require proper technique and physical conditioning to execute them safely and beautifully.

It is essential to master all the basic breakdancing skills before attempting Power Moves.


When performing the Windmill dance move, the breaker drops to the floor and rolls around using their upper back, shoulders, and arms. Their legs extend upward and swing around in a circular motion.

Interestingly, the Windmill move was discovered by accident. It was initially credited to Crazy Legs after he over-rotated a chair spin during a performance in 1978, resulting in the form now recognized as the Windmill.

Shoulder Spin

The Shoulder Spin is a variation of the Back Spin in breakdancing.

It involves a one-arm shoulder freeze, where the dancer supports their entire body weight on one shoulder. By adding a spin to this freeze, it becomes the Shoulder Spin.


The Head Spin is a classic spinning headstand featured in numerous breakdancing movies, documentaries, and shows.

It gained popularity in the 1970s, likely influenced by kung-fu films.


In the Float move, the dancer rotates its entire body horizontally using just one arm for support. This requires considerable strength and technical skill to execute correctly, as wrist injuries are common.

The Floats move was created and popularized by a man in 1979.


During this move, the break-dancer swings their legs and lower body around in a circle while balancing their body on one arm.

The Flare Move debuted in the breaking scene in the mid-70s and was first performed by Trac 2.

It’s often called the “Thomas Flair” after Kurt Thomas, a gymnast who developed a skill that inspired the Flare to break.

Head Glide

The Head Glide differs from the Head Spin in that only the head touches the ground.

During the Head Glide, one hand supports the body and provides a base for the spinning movement. The Head Spin goes by names such as “Icey Ice” or “Chair Glide.”

Hand Glide

To perform the Hand Glide, it is essential to have a good understanding of the Turtle Freeze. The Hand Glide involves spinning while balancing on one hand and is a variation of the Turtle Freeze.


The Cricket move is similar to the Critical Move, beginning with a Turtle Freeze or a Hand Glide.

It then transitions into a rotating hop. The basic Cricket technique involves using both hands to support the body’s weight, but some variations only require one hand.


The breaker starts with a Turtle Freeze and then launches itself off the ground with a rotating hop, forming the basis of the Critical move.

This move is sometimes called the “Turtle Flip” or the “Def Air.”


Have you heard of the Halo move in breakdancing? It involves starting with a supported head spin and ending in a position resembling the baby freeze.

The rolling motion of the head creates a halo-like shape, where the move gets its name. It’s interesting to note that Icey Ice is credited as the originator of this move in 1983.

“1990” (Handspin)

To perform 1990 (also known as “90” or “handspin”), one must start with a one-handed handstand and then rotate the entire body. The hand supports the body and the spinning motion during the trick.

The 1990 trick was created by Trac 2 in the late 1970s. Several sources suggest that Trac 2 may have drawn inspiration from gymnastics techniques such as the Pommel Horse Dismount and Handstand Pirouette.

4. Freezes

Breakdancing moves called freezes involve the breaker holding a pose with their body for a few seconds.

Freezes can emphasize an exciting section of the music when performed in a show. They can also be used to conclude a series of movements or patterns.

Air-Baby Freeze

For the Airbaby move, the dancer performs a handstand while supporting themselves with both arms. To execute the freeze, one knee is placed on the elbow of the corresponding side of the body.

Air-Chair Freeze

When using the Airchair, it is essential to use one arm to support your entire body.

The correct position involves having your support arm’s elbow touching and supporting your lower back and hips, which should both be facing upward.

Baby Freeze

To perform the Baby Freeze, the dancer should make contact with three points, the side of the head and both arms.

The elbow of one arm must touch the side of the dancer’s waist as they lock into position on that side of the body.

Shoulder Freeze

I briefly discussed the freezing technique, a prerequisite for mastering the Shoulder Spin. During the Shoulder Freeze, the body’s weight is entirely supported by one shoulder.

Bridge Freeze

The Bridge pose may seem simple compared to other Breakdance Moves, but it takes some flexibility to execute it properly.

This pose involves lying on your back and raising your chest upwards while balancing on your arms and legs bent backward, resembling a bridge.

Chair Freeze

The Chair Freeze has three contact points: the leg, the arm, and the side of the head. To properly support your body, your elbow should contact the side of your waist.

Elbow Freeze

For the Elbow Freeze, also known as the “Forearm Freeze,” the dancer supports their body using their forearm and elbow.

Hand Stand Freeze

The Hand Stand is a move where the dancer flips their body upside down and keeps their balance using both hands.

Dancers commonly spread their legs in a V-shape to enhance their balance and add some style to the move.

Halo Freeze

The Halo Freeze, also referred to as the “Hong 10 Freeze” in honor of the renowned B-Boy Hong 10, involves using both arms and the back of the head to support the body.

One arm’s elbow should contact the lower back, and the legs should be swept horizontally to one side.

This freeze is known for its high strength requirement, requiring significant muscle power to maintain it for a prolonged period.

It is often considered a challenge for many B-Boys and B-Girls seeking to push their limits.

Turtle Freeze

To do the Turtle Freeze, dancers must support their bodies using both arms while digging them into their abdomen. Your legs should be bent at an angle behind the dancer.

5. Go Downs (Drop)

The dancer can smoothly transition from top rocking to the floor by “going down” or “dropping”. The main goal is to move away from top rock in sync with the music.

Knee Drop ( Pin Drop/Colt-45)

During the Knee Drop move, a B-Boy or B-Girl will hook one foot around the back of the other leg’s knee, then drop down to the floor on the hooked knee and foot.

This move helps bring the body closer to the ground and creates a fantastic illusion of landing on top of the knee.

Spin Down (Corkscrew)

This is a highly skilled drop, where the performers jump high in the air and execute at least two sideways rotations before safely landing on their feet close to the ground.

Sweep Drop

When advancing, try sweeping one leg in front of the other. It’s a good idea to practice in front of a mirror to make sure it looks like you stumbled accidentally.

Walk Through (Walk In)

To perform the “Walk In” move, lean forward and transition into a crouch.

Use one or both arms to catch your momentum. Then, move one foot forward between the arms and the opposite foot.

Blender Drop

This complex move combines two techniques: the Walk Through and the Blender footwork. It begins with a Walk Through and smoothly transitions into a Blender Drop.

Belly-Roll Drop

To perform the “Bellyroll Drop,” you must lower your body and begin a rolling motion supported by your chest. Usually, this move is used to transition into a Back Sweep, also called the Korean Sweep.

6. Transition Moves

Transitions Move refers to the fluid movements breakdancers use to transition between different moves in their routine effortlessly.

These transitions can also enhance the appearance of various footwork steps, moves, and tricks by seamlessly blending them.

A well-executed transition should be invisible to the audience as the dancers move effortlessly from one move to the next with graceful fluidity.

7. Tricks

Tricks showcase different B-Boys and B-Girls’ unique styles, personalities, and creativity.

In breaking, a move becomes a trick when the dancer adds their creative twist to a conventional breakdancing technique.

8. Flips

Breakdancing draws much inspiration from gymnastics, so breakers frequently incorporate somersaults and flips into their performances.

It’s uncommon to witness a breaking performance at a professional level that doesn’t include at least one flip.

Different Types of Advanced Breakdance Moves

I previously demonstrated some techniques that require intermediate to advanced skill levels.

However, if you want to challenge yourself or set a goal, the breakdancing moves below are some of the toughest that a B-Boy or B-Girl can attempt.

1. Jackhammers

The Jackhammers dance move is a variation of the Cricket Move, characterized by quick hopping on just one arm. In contrast, the other arm is positioned behind the dancer’s back to demonstrate control.

The current record for the most Jackhammers completed in one session is held by B-Boy RYUTA, who achieved 113 repetitions.

2. Taisuke Criticals

The dance move is called Taisuke, in honor of a famous breakdancer known for his fast and fluid movements.

It is a variation of the Critical move, but Taisuke’s style gives the impression that he lacks momentum as he does the spin-hop motion before launching himself high into the air.

This move requires significant strength and skill to execute correctly.

The dance move is called Taisuke, in honor of a famous breakdancer known for his fast and fluid movements.

It is a variation of the Critical move, but Taisuke’s style gives the impression that he lacks momentum as he does the spin-hop motion before launching himself high into the air.

This move requires significant strength and skill to execute correctly.

3. Head Slide

To perform the head slide, you must start running and then drop to your knees before transitioning into a headstand.

Although it seems easy, it’s a challenging maneuver that requires a lot of skill and can result in serious injury due to the weight on the head and neck muscles.

4. Elbow Spin

To execute the Elbow Spin, the breaker must first perform the classic Elbow Freeze, where their forearm and elbow support their body weight. Then, they add a spin to create the Elbow Spin move.

5. Air-Flare

The Air Flare is a modified version of the classic Flare. You must invert your body entirely and remain vertical with your hips lifted high above the ground to execute this move.

While hopping with your hand, spin in a circular motion. Keeping your entire body off the ground every time you transition your writing is crucial.

This move is quite challenging as it demands a great deal of upper body, arm, and core strength.

6. 1.5 Air Flares

The 1.5 Air Flares is a thrilling and risky variation of the Flare, and Air Flare moves.

To perform this trick, begin with a traditional Flare and then generate enough momentum to launch your body off the ground, executing a 180° turn before landing on your shoulder instead of your hand.

It is important to note that attempting this trick can result in shoulder injuries, so it is recommended to lay down ample padding on the ground beforehand.

7. One-Handed Air Flare

The One-Handed Air Flare is a challenging break-dancing move that requires you to perform a standard Air Flare with only one arm.

You must rely on your supporting arm and stay committed to it throughout the move.

Compared to the already tricky Air Flare, the One-Handed variation is much more complex and requires outstanding balance and skill to execute correctly.

It’s also more dangerous and increases the risk of injury. Only the most seasoned break-dancers would even consider attempting this trick.


What is the easiest breakdance move to learn?

Breakdancing is a trendy dance style that has gained recognition recently as a competitive art form. The easiest breakdance move to learn is the Six Steps.

This move is done by rocking back and forth on the hands while bringing both feet forward, stepping up with one foot, and pushing off with the other.

One can add arm movements and spin variations to make it look even more impressive.


The Six Step requires minimal physical strength and flexibility, making it easy for anyone to pick up quickly.

What are the 5 basic moves in break dancing?

Break dancing is one of the most popular dance styles in the world, and it is known for its high-energy moves.

The 5 basic moves in break dancing are the Top rock, Downrock, Freezes, Power moves, and Footwork.

  1. Toprock is essential while standing up and includes steps like the up-rock, c-walk, and ragdoll.
  2. Down rock describes any floor move that requires you to be on your hands or feet while maintaining a low center of gravity.
  3. Freezes involve pausing at different points during a set without losing balance or control.
  4. Power moves are stunts executed with strength and intense body control that often require physics-defying feats of agility, such as headspins or flares.
  5. Footwork involves intricate stepping sequences using both hands and feet to create patterns or illusions on the beat.

These five core movements combined with creative expression make break dancing an exhilarating experience!

What should I learn first about breakdancing?

If you want to start breakdancing, the best place to begin is with the basics.

Start by learning simple footwork like top rocks and 6 steps which will give you an understanding of the music and rhythm of a breakdance.

From there, learn Freezes, Headspins, and Handstands to expand your skills.

Move onto power moves like windmills and backspins to develop your technique and body control.

Can you self-teach breakdancing?

Yes, it is possible to self-teach breakdancing. You can learn the basics of this highly intricate dance form independently with hard work and dedication.

Utilize YouTube videos or online tutorials to help you with foundational moves such as freezes, footwork, power moves, and top rocking.

Learning from an experienced dancer or in a class setting may be more effective and efficient for becoming a proficient b-boy/b-girl.

Still, with patience and discipline, it is entirely possible to master the art of breaking with self-learning.

What is the most iconic breakdance move?

The most iconic Breakdance Move is the classic Windmill.

This visually impressive move is a staple in any good b-boy’s arsenal and often serves as a showstopper.

The Windmill involves spinning on one’s back, using momentum to rotate the body 360 degrees, and constantly keeping one arm and leg off the ground.

It requires excellent technique, balance, coordination, and agility to keep up the movement continuously.

Do you need to be fit to breakdance?

Yes. To be an effective breakdancer, you need to be physically fit.

Breakdancing is a physically intense form of dance that requires strength, endurance, agility, and flexibility.

Muscles must be able to contract quickly and intensely for the dancer to land on the floor safely and with power.

Furthermore, proper coordination of body movements is essential as it helps maintain balance during tricks requiring jumps or turns while having firm control over their activities within specific dance steps.

Thus, being physically fit can help break dancers better express themselves in their practice and exercise greater control over body movements, allowing them to perform complex moves successfully.

What Are the Most Common Moves in Breakdancing?

Even though you may have studied many B-Boying techniques and maneuvers, a typical break-dance routine only involves four elements: top rock, down rock, power moves, and freezes.

What Is the Hardest Break Dance Move?

The One-Handed Air Flare is considered the most challenging move for B-Boys and B-Girls, as it requires spinning on a single supporting arm with grace and safety.

Achieving a flawless Flare is already a significant milestone in their career, but mastering an Air Flare is an even more incredible feat due to its extreme difficulty.

Only the most skilled breakers can execute this move with such precision.

How Did Breakdancing Begin?

Breakdancing emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s, with many sources tracing its origins back to New York City. Specifically, the Bronx neighborhood is renowned for its association with hip-hop culture.

Although breakdancing had existed for many years, it gained significant popularity in the 1980s when famous music artists began to take an interest in this dynamic form of dance.

Breakdancing emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s, with many sources tracing its origins back to New York City. Specifically, the Bronx neighborhood is renowned for its association with hip-hop culture.

Although breakdancing had existed for many years, it gained significant popularity in the 1980s when famous music artists began to take an interest in this dynamic form of dance.


Please note that this list does not include all the possible breakdance moves. You can explore and learn hundreds of Different Types of Breakdance Moves for Beginners to add excitement and beauty to your routine.

With dedication and practice, you might even create your unique signature moves!

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